People who have a diet rich in Vitamin K have a 34 percent lower risk of cardiovascular disease caused by plaque build-up in the arteries, according to a Western Australia university study.
The study, conducted by researchers from Edith Cowan University, found that the type of Vitamin K consumed makes a difference in risk reduction. People consuming high levels of Vitamin K1 (found in high levels in green leafy vegetables, spring onions, broccoli and brussels sprouts) had the best health outcomes, with a 21 percent decreased risk of hospitalisation due to plaque build-up related cardiovascular disease.
People consuming high levels of Vitamin K2 (found in high levels in liver, beef, egg yolks, fermented soy beans and fermented cheese), enjoyed a 14 percent lower risk.
The researchers leveraged data from a Danish diet cancer and health study involving 50,000 people over 23 years, to produce their findings.
The risk of peripheral artery disease showed the greatest reduction – 34% – however all types of plaque build-up related (atherosclerosis) cardiovascular disease were shown to be reduced in people with a high Vitamin K diet.
The researchers hypothesize that Vitamin K inhibits calcium build-up in the major arteries, “…leading to vascular clarification.”
Senior study author, Dr Nicola Bondonno, said that while further research was needed, the results of her study suggested that a review of Vitamin K dietary recommendations for people in the high risk group for cardiovascular disease might be warranted.
“Current dietary guidelines for the consumption of Vitamin K are generally only based on the amount of Vitamin K1 a person should consume to ensure that their blood can coagulate,” Dr Nicola said in a statement.
“However, there is growing evidence that intakes of vitamin K above the current guidelines can afford further protection against the development of other diseases, such as atherosclerosis.”
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability in Australia and it’s estimated one in six Australians have some form of the disease.
Note from National Custom Compounding: We have over 15 years’ experience personalising vitamin supplements – including Vitamin K – to assist with reducing the risk of disease. For more information on the safety, quality and efficacy of our products contact National Custom Compounding on 1300 731 755 or [email protected]. We’re always happy to chat.